Science

The Science Department aims to offer all students the opportunity to investigate fundamental laws and principles that govern the universe and to understand the phenomena that affect our daily lives. Although the sequence of Biology, Earth Science, Chemistry and Physics is standard, individualized scheduling to match needs is considered based on individual situations. Advanced courses are open to all qualified students. For courses ending in a Regents exam, student must satisfactorily complete 1,200 minutes of documented laboratory work to be eligible for the Regents exam and earn credit for the course.

BIOLOGY
Grades 9, 10, 11, 12  |   1 year  |   1 credit
Biology is a college-preparatory, lab-based program that focuses on the important concepts of the study of life. Emphasis will be placed on conceptual understanding, the development of important ideas of biology and the relationship between biology and the everyday lives of students. Topics and key ideas are similar to, but not restricted to, those presented in Core Biology. Topics will be presented at a more complex level and a faster pace. Related lab activities and 1,200 minutes of documented lab work are a course requirement. The Living Environment Regents exam will conclude the course.

CORE BIOLOGY
Grades 9, 10, 11, 12  |   1 year   |  1 credit
Core Biology is the study of living organisms. Students will study the key ideas and major understandings in the NYS Living Environment Core Curriculum. Some major topics that will be covered are unity and diversity among living organisms, human body systems and their role in maintaining homeostasis, genetics, evolution, reproduction and development, and ecology. Related lab activities and 1,200 minutes of documented lab work are a course requirement. The Regents Living Environment exam will conclude the course.

EARTH SCIENCE
Grades 9, 10, 11, 12  |   1 year  |   1 credit
Earth Science is a college-preparatory, lab-based program that focuses on our physical environment through the study of geology, meteorology, astronomy, and oceanography. Emphasis will be placed on conceptual understanding, the development of important ideas in the earth sciences and the relationship between the earth sciences and the everyday lives of students. Topics and key ideas are similar to, but not restricted to, those presented in Core Earth Science. Topics will be presented at a more complex level and faster pace. Related lab activities and 1,200 minutes of documented lab work are a course requirement. The Earth Science Regents exam will conclude the course.

CORE EARTH SCIENCE
Grades 9, 10, 11, 12  |   1 year  |   1 credit
Core Earth Science is the study of our physical environment and will introduce students to geology, meteorology, astronomy, and oceanography. They will study the key ideas and major understandings in the NYS Earth Science Core Curriculum, including celestial phenomena as described by relative motion and perspective and the interactions among components of the air, water, and land. Major topics include plate tectonics, earth chemistry, earth history, resources and energy, weather factors and forecasting, oceans, climate and climatic change, and earth in space. Related lab activities and 1,200 minutes of documented lab work are a requirement. The Earth Science Regents exam will conclude the course.

SCIENCE RESEARCH
Grades 10, 11, 12  |   3 years   |  3 credits
Up to 12 UHS credits offered through SUNY Albany
This three-year course offers students the opportunity to conduct original scientific research under the guidance of a research scientist. Students are required to take another science class simultaneously with Science Research, attend and present at local symposia and enter local, regional and/or national scientific competitions, such as Intel and Regeneron. In addition to having their work published, students may pursue college credits.

CHEMISTRY
Grades 11, 12   |  1 year  |   1 credit
Chemistry is a college-preparatory, lab-based course for students planning to pursue a four-year college degree who have successfully completed two years of high school science. Related lab activities and 1,200 minutes of documented lab work are a course requirement. The Chemistry Regents exam will conclude the course. Prerequisite: Geometry. Algebra 2 is a preferred co-requisite.

HONORS CHEMISTRY
Grades 10, 11, 12     1 year     1 credit
8 CHS credits offered through SCCC
This is a faster-paced course than Chemistry with a more comprehensive view of certain concepts, including quantum mechanics, chemical reactions, stoichiometry, chemical bonding, reaction kinetics, thermodynamics, and oxidation-reduction reactions. Emphasis is placed on laboratory work and problem solving. Related lab activities and 1,200 minutes of documented lab work are a course requirement. To be considered for this course a student must receive a recommendation from their current science teacher. In addition, minimum Regents scores of 85% on Earth Science, Geometry, and Algebra or Earth Science and Algebra 2 are expected. The Chemistry Regents exam will conclude this course. Students will also be eligible for the SAT Subject exam in Chemistry (optional).

INTRODUCTION TO CHEMISTRY
Grade 11  |   1 year   |  1 credit
This lab-based course is designed for students who have successfully completed Core Biology and Core Earth Science. It will expose students to selected topics in chemistry, such as solution chemistry, nuclear chemistry, and physical and chemical changes. Case studies and projects are used to present various topics. A final exam and/or project will conclude the course.

ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE
Grades 11, 12  |   1 year  |   1 credit
3 CHS credits offered through SCCC
This course is designed for students who have successfully completed Biology and Earth Science. The goal of this course is to build an understanding of local, regional, and global environmental issues. Topics include air and water pollution, ecology, endangered species, natural resource management, population growth, food production and alternative energy sources (solar, wind, hydropower, geothermal, etc.). Hands-on activities, labs and projects will be used to present various topics. A final exam will conclude the course.

FOOD SCIENCE
Grades 11  |   1 year  |   1 credit
Do you know that cooking is one of the oldest and most widespread applications of Chemistry? In Food Science students will use scientific methods combined with their natural creativity and knowledge of food, to discover the science behind the things that we eat. Lab activities in chemistry and FACS from calorimetry to candy making will allow students to learn, experiment and discover the scientific basis of food composition and its preparation. Additional topics such as food packaging, safety, and related careers are included. This course can be used toward a FACS sequence and meets the requirement of a third year of science. Prerequisites: Two years of high school science. Students who have already taken any level of chemistry are not eligible to take this course.

PHYSICS
Grades 11, 12  |  1 year  |   1 credit
The course uses lab-based and guided-discovery learning methods that involve the use of computers and computer-based lab equipment to gather and analyze experimental data. Students use mathematics and reasoning skills to discuss these experimental results and how they model phenomena present in the real world. The course will investigate topics including measurement uncertainty, mechanics, energy, electricity and magnetism, waves, light, and nuclear physics. This course will provide an excellent background for any college course in physics and will serve any student well in further study of the sciences. Related lab activities and 1,200 minutes of documented lab work are course requirements. The Physics Regents exam will conclude the course. Prerequisites: Regents Chemistry and Algebra 2.

HONORS PHYSICS
Grades 11, 12  |   1 year  |   1 credit
8 CHS credits offered through SCCC
This is an algebra-based, college-level physics course. A more rigorous course than Regents Physics, it includes a more in-depth view of most topics and covers some additional topics such as oscillatory motion, fluids, thermodynamics and geometric optics. A greater emphasis is placed on problem solving. Related lab activities and 1,200 minutes of documented lab work are a requirement for this course. The Regents Physics exam will conclude the course. Prerequisites: Regents Chemistry. Precalculus is a prerequisite or co-requisite.

INTRODUCTION TO PHYSICS
Grade 12   |   1 year   |  1 credit
This course takes a hands-on approach to physics. It is geared toward students who are not likely to take further science in college. Topics to be covered include motion, electricity, magnetism and light. This course will require a final examination and/or project. Prerequisite: Three years of high school science.

FORENSIC SCIENCE
Grade 12  |   1 year   |   1 credit
This course is for students who have completed 3 years of science. Forensic techniques are used to teach scientific principles. Activities and inquiry-based labs develop the skills and confidence necessary for students to become proficient at critical thinking and problem solving. Topics include processing a crime scene, estimating post-mortem interval (rigor, livor, and algor mortis, forensic entomology, digestive system anatomy, eye anatomy), forensic anthropology, physical evidence vs. testimonial evidence (eyewitnesses, confessions), analysis of glass, forensic toxicology and drugs, serology, DNA analysis, hairs, fibers, fire investigation, fingerprinting, document examination, and careers in forensic science.

AP ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE
Grades 11, 12  |   1 year   |   1 credit
3 CHS credits offered through SUNY ESF
This lab- and project-based, college-level course provides students with the scientific principles, concepts and methodologies needed to understand the complex interrelationships of the natural world. Students will be able to identify and analyze both natural and man-made environmental problems, evaluate the relative risks associated with these problems and examine alternative solutions for resolving or preventing them. Students will work cooperatively with SUNY Environmental Science & Forestry, with opportunities for guest lectures and off campus field trips. The AP Environmental Science exam in May, for which a fee is charged, is required. College credit may be attained in this course in one of two ways: Students may either receive credit upon successfully completing the coursework and meeting all requirement through the college in the high school program or by earning a specific grade on the mandatory AP exam. An additional fee is charged to receive college credits. Prerequisites: Biology, Earth Science, and Chemistry.

AP BIOLOGY
Grades 11, 12  |   1 year  |   1 credit
8 CHS credits offered through SCCC
This course is equivalent to a two-semester college introductory biology course. Students will spend time learning essential biological concepts while developing advanced inquiry and reasoning skills. Areas of study include designing a plan for collecting and analyzing data, applying mathematical routines, and connecting concepts across domains of study (molecules and cells, heredity and evolution, organisms and populations and the structure and function of plants and animals). The AP Biology exam in May, for which a fee is charged, is required. College credit may be attained in this course in one of two ways: students may either receive credit upon successfully completing the coursework and meeting all requirements through the college in the high school program or by earning a specific grade on the mandatory AP exam. Prerequisites: Biology and Chemistry.

AP CHEMISTRY
Grades 11, 12  |   1 year  |    1 credit
8 CHS credits offered through SCCC
This college-level chemistry course examines in detail the intricacies of chemical reactions, including kinetics, equilibrium and thermodynamics. The kinetic and atomic theories of matter also constitute a major portion of the course. Students must have an 85% average in previous science courses or a teacher recommendation. The AP Chemistry exam in May, for which a fee is charged, is required. College credit may be attained in this course in one of two ways: Students may either receive credit upon successfully completing the coursework and meeting all requirement through the college in the high school program or by earning a specific grade on the mandatory AP exam. Students who already received CHS credit for Honors Chemistry may not receive additional credit for AP Chemistry. Prerequisites: Biology, Chemistry, and Algebra 2.

AP PHYSICS – C
Grade 12  |   1 year  |   1 credit
This calculus-based Advanced Placement (AP) Physics course is designed for students who plan to major in engineering or physics and are taking calculus. AP Physics – C will cover additional topics that were not covered in Honors Physics or in Physics, as well as previous topics but in much greater depth and detail. The use of calculus in problem solving and derivations is expected to increase as the course progresses. The AP Physics – C exam, for which a fee is charged, is required. Successful completion of this course and the AP exam may result in college credit. Regents Physics or Honors Physics is a prerequisite. Calculus is a co-requisite.